TV side effects on babies
What are the TV side effects on babies?
The TV, cartoons or various children’s apps on the phone are often used as baby-sitter, so that we can also breathe a little. But at what cost? What are the TV side effects on babies?
The TV side effects on the human brain have long been spoken. In the case of children under 2, the negative effects of the TV are even stronger than in the case of adults, subsequently resonating later in social life and in cognitive evolution.
No TV for children up to 2 years old
Watching television is contraindicated until at least 2 years of age, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). Not even the so-called special programs created for babies. And the AAP recommendation does not just refer to watching TV, but also to the computer, to various applications on the phone and generally to whatever the gadget means.
“The brain of a newborn triples from birth to the age of 24 months,” says Pediatrics Professor Dimitri Christakis, co-author of The Elephant in the Living Room: Make the Work for Your Kids.
“And the brain grows according to external factors, in the context of real-world experiences,” Christakis points out.
Subsequently, at 2 years of age, the APA’s recommendation is to allow babies to watch TV for up to 2 hours a day and it would be ideal for the parent to stay with the child at the same time.
TV side effects on babies – The child does not learn from the TV
The biggest trap about TV is that many parents really think it’s educational for their children. After all, we all want our little ones to grow big and smart. And when the child repeats a cartoon song, manages to count up to 10 or recognizes the geometric shapes that are on the screen, parents are happy that the little one has just learned a new thing. So watching TV can also be educational, right? Well, no!
Numerous research has shown that babies under the age of 2-3 are less receptive to imitating a task when they see it on television than when they actually see it. In other words, the child will learn a lot more if you keep it with you while you wash your dishes, for example, and explain what you are doing.
TV side effects on babies – The TV overstimulates the baby
Another aspect to be taken into consideration is that watching television does not relax the child, but it often agitates and overstimulates him. Quickly succeeding bright images, strident audio sequences and quick mounts exhausts the brain. That’s why many children are more agitated and aggressive after watching television for a long time, even though the drawings do not contain anything violent.
Moreover, over time, the brain gets used to this rapid exchange of images, so the real world will look boring and the little one will have difficulty keeping their focus for a long time.
TV side effects on babies in the long run
Studies have also shown that watching television before the age of 2-3 years, several hours a day, may have negative effects including language development, emotional intelligence, memory capacity, and later on reading skills.
Another issue is not just what kids do while watching TV, but what they do not. In particular, they do not play freely, do not put its imagination into use they do not move, do not explore, do not actively learn by manipulating things around. On TV, the child only looks at, without interacting, practicing language
and learning how to react to others.
TV side effects on babies – The TV in the background is also harmful
In many homes, even if the little ones are not watching TV, the TV is on in the background. This is also not indicated.
Even if the child does not seem interested in TV images, the fact that there is a constant background noise can change how the child is playing. A study at the University of Massachusetts on children aged between 1 and 3 showed that when the TV was on the background, the little ones were playing less and the imagination games were born more difficult. As a matter of fact, kids can not even completely ignore a TV set on their way, and on average they take a brief look at the screen about once every 20 seconds.
And researchers and psychologists are drawing attention to one thing. When the TV is turned on in the background, the adult’s interaction with the child is lower.
Normally, a parent says about 940 words per hour when a child is nearby. If the TV is turned on, even if no one is watching, the number of words drops to 770 per hour. But less interaction with the child means less learning opportunities for it, since the young are “programmed” to learn from man to man, including adult facial expression, body language, voice tone.
TV side effects on babies – No meals in front of the TV
This is another common occurrence. The baby is fed in front of the TV or the computer, thinking that he is eating more. And, most of the time, they even eat more. The problem is that, being stimulated by the images he’s looking at, he’s unlikely to realize that he’s had enough or connect the food to the texture
or taste of the food. Thus, some correlations are lost that could help him continue to eating healthily.
Later when he can choose for himself in the school yard or in a break at work choosing between a cake or a fruit will be difficult. In addition, many of the commercials for children are for unhealthy snacks which can ultimately lead to bad eating habits.